What indicators does correctional labor have in common with slavery? Seth Daire and JJ Janflone look at prison statistics, case studies of prison labor, and the Constitutional “except as a punishment for crime” clause. Is it right to profit from prison labor? Also a look at prison gerrymandering, where prisoners count as residents for political representation while not being able to vote.
Benns, Whitney. “American Slavery, Reinvented.” The Atlantic. September 21, 2015. http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/09/prison-labor-in-america/406177/.
Ford, Glen. “Black Agenda Report.” Private Prisons, Human Trafficking and the American Way of Punishment | Black Agenda Report. http://www.blackagendareport.com/node/1077.
Herivel, Tara, ed. Prison Profiteers: Who Makes Money from Mass Incarceration. New York: The New Press, 2009.
Lebaron, Genevieve. “Slaves of the State: American Prison Labour past and Present.” OpenDemocracy. April 23, 2015. https://www.opendemocracy.net/beyondslavery/genevieve-lebaron/slaves-of-state-american-prison-labour-past-and-present.
Mauer, Marc. Race to Incarcerate. New York: The New Press, 1999.
McCormack, Simon. “Prison Labor Booms As Unemployment Remains High; Companies Reap Benefits.” The Huffington Post. October 12, 2012. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/10/prison-labor_n_2272036.html.
“Penal Labor.” Fight Slavery Now! 2015. https://fightslaverynow.org/why-fight-there-are-27-million-reasons/otherformsoftrafficking/penal-labor/.
“The Problem | Prison Gerrymandering Project.” Prison Policy Initiative. http://www.prisonersofthecensus.org/impact.html.
Subramanian, Ram, et al. “Incarceration’s Front Door: The Misuse of Jails in America.” Vera Institute of Justice. February 2015. http://archive.vera.org/sites/default/files/resources/downloads/incarcerations-front-door-report.pdf.
Wagner, Peter and Bernadette Rabuy. “Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2016.” Prison Policy Initiative. http://www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/pie2016.html.
Wright, Paul, and Tara Herivel, eds. Prison Nation: The Warehousing of America’s Poor. New York: Routledge, 2003.