Correctional and Prison Labor

What indicators does correctional labor have in common with slavery? Seth Daire and JJ Janflone look at prison statistics, case studies of prison labor, and the Constitutional “except as a punishment for crime” clause. Is it right to profit from prison labor? Also a look at prison gerrymandering, where prisoners count as residents for political representation while not being able to vote.

Sources:
Benns, Whitney. “American Slavery, Reinvented.” The Atlantic. September 21, 2015. http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/09/prison-labor-in-america/406177/.
Ford, Glen. “Black Agenda Report.” Private Prisons, Human Trafficking and the American Way of Punishment | Black Agenda Report. http://www.blackagendareport.com/node/1077.
Herivel, Tara, ed. Prison Profiteers: Who Makes Money from Mass Incarceration.  New York: The New Press, 2009.
Lebaron, Genevieve. “Slaves of the State: American Prison Labour past and Present.” OpenDemocracy. April 23, 2015. https://www.opendemocracy.net/beyondslavery/genevieve-lebaron/slaves-of-state-american-prison-labour-past-and-present.
Mauer, Marc. Race to Incarcerate. New York: The New Press, 1999.
McCormack, Simon. “Prison Labor Booms As Unemployment Remains High; Companies Reap Benefits.” The Huffington Post. October 12, 2012. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/10/prison-labor_n_2272036.html.
“Penal Labor.” Fight Slavery Now! 2015. https://fightslaverynow.org/why-fight-there-are-27-million-reasons/otherformsoftrafficking/penal-labor/.
“The Problem | Prison Gerrymandering Project.” Prison Policy Initiative. http://www.prisonersofthecensus.org/impact.html.
Subramanian, Ram, et al. “Incarceration’s Front Door: The Misuse of Jails in America.” Vera Institute of Justice. February 2015. http://archive.vera.org/sites/default/files/resources/downloads/incarcerations-front-door-report.pdf.
Wagner, Peter and Bernadette Rabuy. “Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2016.” Prison Policy Initiative. http://www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/pie2016.html.
Wright, Paul, and Tara Herivel, eds. Prison Nation: The Warehousing of America’s Poor. New York: Routledge, 2003.